Cognitive behavioural therapy, or CBT, is a talking therapy that is effective in treating a range of mental health difficulties as well as helping people to manage some long-term conditions. It is short term, evidenced based and is recommended by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) as an effective treatment for anxiety and depression-related difficulties. CBT is goal orientated and is designed to equip people with the tools to cope, and to become their own therapist. It is a practical form of therapy that helps people to make sense of the way they are feeling, break problems down, set realistic goals, and manage difficulties by addressing negative patterns in the way somebody is thinking, feeling and behaving.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, or ACT, is a type of psychotherapy whose origins are rooted in CBT. Its evidence base and popularity has grown in recent times. ACT centres on the core principle of developing flexibility to help those who struggle become more accepting of difficult thoughts and feelings in order to help people live according to their values. ACT promotes a combination of mindfulness, acceptance and behavioural change to help people who struggle open up to their experiences and have a better relationship with themselves. It can be used as a standalone form of therapy, or used in combination with CBT.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a type of therapy that allows people to process traumatic events by using repetitive left to right (bilateral) stimulation, often eye movement. It is considered as a treatment option for those who have experienced more than one traumatic event or find it particularly difficult to speak about their experiences. EMDR has been proven effective for working with a range of anxiety disorders, but at present its most common use is for treating Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Dialectical Behavioural Therapy, or DBT, is a type of psychotherapy adapted from Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. DBT was originally designed to help those with Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder (sometimes known as Borderline Personality Disorder) and it consists of mindfulness, supporting people with emotional regulation, managing interpersonal struggle, and helping people to be able to develop healthy coping mechanisms for managing day to day stresses.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is one of the most effective forms of talking therapy we offer. It has a strong evidence base for treating a wide range of anxiety disorders and depression. Our Children and Young People (CYP) practitioners have been specifically trained to adapt CBT for working with children, young people and their families. CYP Practitioners will help the young person make changes to the way they think, feel or behave, to relieve distress and to help them feel more in control.
Couples therapy, sometimes known as relationship counselling, is a type of therapy that allows a couple to open up about how they are feeling, work through difficulties and recognise strengths in a relationship. It is facilitated by a trained couples therapist and is a healthy step to support a couple who may be feeling stuck, or want to overcome a particular difficulty in their relationship.
Mindfulness based Cognitive Therapy, sometimes referred to as MBCT, is a type of psychotherapy that brings together Mindfulness and Cognitive Therapy. It’s particularly useful for those with recurrent depression. The mindfulness element of treatment can help to develop an awareness of difficult thoughts and feelings without getting lost within them, and the ability to pay more attention to the present moment. Cognitive therapy works on addressing negative thoughts and beliefs about the self, the world, and other people.
Trauma focused CBT is a type of psychotherapy designed to help somebody struggling poor mental health following experiencing a traumatic event. Trauma focused CBT aims to help a person to process the trauma memory, to be able to reclaim their life back from feelings of anxiety, depression, guilt, or anger by supporting the person to re-engage with activities that are meaningful and important to them and finally to heal from trauma, post-traumatic stress or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Cognitive Processing Theory, or CPT, is a type of psychotherapy that is designed to help people overcome symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. It helps people to understand how a traumatic event may have changed people’s thoughts and beliefs, and how these, in turn, may be keeping somebody “stuck” feeling the way they do. CPT also helps people to improve their day-to-day functioning.
Compassion focused therapy, or CFT, is a type of therapy that can help people where shame, guilt, or self- criticism feature heavily in somebody’s mental health difficulty. Compassion focused therapy teaches people how to engage in compassionate thinking, feeling, and compassionate behaviour toward themselves and others through a variety of exercises, in order to improve symptoms of anxiety and depression.
Counselling is a form of talking therapy. It offers the space for people to be assisted to talk through their problems and work through difficult thoughts and feelings. The counsellor might work with the person to establish aims for counselling, and will listen without judgement. They might offer skills to help people cope or help somebody to explore what is keeping them feeling stuck, but they do not tell people what to think or do.
Counselling for Depression, or CfD for short, is a short-term form of counselling often used on NHS talking therapy services. It is an evidence-based type of counselling that aims to help people to identify the difficulties that underly their depression, and to support a person to work through those to recovery.
Integrative counselling is a type of talking therapy where a counsellor draws on a range of theory and practice across different counselling modalities to tailor treatment for your individual needs. The ethos behind integrative counselling is that one size does not fit all, and the blended approach this type of counselling offers allows the counsellor to adapt the treatment plan around the person's needs.
Humanistic counselling is an umbrella term for types of counselling that put the person at the heart of therapy. This type of counselling focuses on a person's strengths and resilience to encourage development and growth. Through humanistic counselling, a person may work on living a more fulfilling, meaningful life, improve relationships with others or work on making more positive choices for one's life.
Person centred counselling comes under the umbrella of humanistic counselling. This type of talking therapy allows a person to explore emotional difficulties in a non-judgemental, supportive, and understanding space with the support of a counsellor to help a person to make discoveries about themselves. Person centred counselling in lead by the individual, not the counsellor; a person is allowed to explore the issues they wish to focus on.
Interpersonal therapy, or IPT, is a form of psychotherapy predominantly used to treat Depression but has many other applications, such as treating anxiety disorders, adjustment disorder, and complex grief. Interpersonal therapy focuses on improving the persons relationships with others, and all-round social functioning to relieve symptoms of mental illness. IPT can help address difficulties in relating to others, detrimental repetitive patterns in relationships, grief, and life changes.
Low intensity psychological therapy, sometimes called Step 2 CBT, or cognitive behavioural interventions, is a type of talking therapy adapted from Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for those experiencing mild to moderate mental health difficulties such as anxiety, low mood, sleep difficulties and work-related stress. Low intensity interventions are short term, fast acting and have a strong evidence base.
Systemic therapy is sometimes known as family therapy. It is a form of psychotherapy that helps look at addressing difficulties in the relationships, communication, and dynamics between members of a family system that may be contributing to a person feeling stuck, as well as helping somebody to address difficulties on an individual level.
Solution focused brief therapy is a form of talking therapy that is centred on finding solutions to here and now problems, directed by the individual's goals, rather than spending time discussing the past. Solution focused brief therapy draws on the strengths and skills of the individual and is a therapy that is focused on the solution rather than the problem somebody is experiencing.
Dynamic interpersonal therapy, or DIT, is a type of interpersonal therapy. Like interpersonal therapy, DIT is focused on improving relationships and is structured into "phases of therapy". However, DIT is said to be more reflective and provides space to think and to process the problems a person is having in their life whilst keeping relationships in mind.
Attachment based psychotherapy is a form of psychotherapy that has its roots in attachment theory; the idea that our style of attachment to others is determined by the experiences we have as we grow and develop. Anxious or avoidant styles of attachment can manifest in mental health distress as an adult. Attachment based psychotherapy is a relational psychotherapy that supports the person to heal their insecure attachments, and to promote more secure attachments.
Psychosexual therapy is a form of counselling that helps people overcome psychological problems related to intimacy and sex. It is a talking based therapy that is designed to help people work through the psychological difficulties that are exacerbating or causing physical problems in a safe and supportive space. Psychosexual therapy is either entered into alone, or as a couple.
Psychodynamic therapy is an in-depth, explorative type of psychotherapy with its roots in Freudian theory. Psychodynamic therapy helps people to get to the root of their issues by uncovering repressed thoughts and feelings from deeper levels of consciousness. It helps people struggling to connect difficult past experiences, often from early life, to their current difficulties In psychodynamic therapy, the therapeutic relationship can be used to heal past experiences and move forward.
Psycho analytic therapy is a similar form of therapy to psychodynamic therapy but is longer term and provides a reflective space for the individual. Psychanalysists will spend time listening to the individual and use a number of skills to understand the persons difficulties in greater depth. Its roots are in Freudian theory and is able to help people overcome a broad range of mental health difficulties.